BV and Pregnancy: BV's Effects on Becoming Pregnant
The bacteria that cause BV (bacterial vaginosis
) can sometimes infect the uterus (womb) and fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus). This type of infection is called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can cause infertility
or damage the fallopian tubes enough to increase the future risk of ectopic pregnancy
and infertility. Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition in which a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube, which can rupture.
BV and Pregnancy: During Pregnancy
Pregnant women with BV are more likely to have babies who are born premature or with low birth weight (less than 5 pounds).
(Click BV to read more about this condition, including causes and treatment options.)