How Does Cyclessa Work?
As mentioned, Cyclessa
is a combined oral contraceptive
, which means that it is a birth control pill
that contains two different types of hormones: ethinyl estradiol (an estrogen) and desogestrel (a progestin). The hormones in Cyclessa prevent pregnancy primarily by stopping ovulation (the maturation and release of eggs from the ovaries). However, it also works to prevent pregnancy in two other, less important ways. Cyclessa changes the cervical mucus (the fluid of the cervix, which is the lower, narrow part of the uterus that is connected to the vagina), making it more difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. It also alters the lining of the uterus (the endometrium), making it less receptive to an embryo.
Cyclessa is a triphasic birth control pill, which means that there are three different "phases" of pills in each pack, plus the last week of tablets with no active ingredients. Each week has a different amount of the progesterone hormone in Cyclessa. This is why it is important to take the pills in the correct order.
Cyclessa Uses in Children and Teens
Cyclessa is approved for use in women of reproductive age. This means that it is not approved for use in girls who have not yet had their first menstrual period.
Off-Label Cyclessa Uses
On occasion, your healthcare provider may recommend Cyclessa for something other than contraception. This is called an "off-label
" use. At this time, some off-label Cyclessa uses include treatment of the following conditions:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Painful menstrual periods
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).