A small amount of bleeding during a laparoscopy is normal. There can be several causes of bleeding, and the treatment will vary depending on the cause and your individual situation. In most cases, the bleeding will stop on its own or can be easily taken care of during the laparoscopic surgery.
If you have serious bleeding, or if there is serious damage to a major blood vessel, the laparoscopy may need to be changed to an open surgery to control the bleeding and prevent loss of life. This means that a larger incision will be made in the abdomen so that your doctor can view the inside of your abdomen better. Sometimes, an injury may not appear at the time of the operation, but may show up later. This may require another surgery to repair the damage.
If bleeding with a laparoscopy is severe, a transfusion of blood or blood products may need to be done. Because the blood and blood products are actively screened for various diseases and problems, including AIDS
and hepatitis (among others), blood transfusions are generally safe. However, there is an extremely rare chance that you may contract an illness secondary to a transfusion. The estimated risk of contracting hepatitis C
from blood transfusions is about 1 in 100,000, the risk of hepatitis B
is about 1 in 200,000, and the risk of HIV
is about 1 in 600,000.