Hydroxycitric Acid Safety: An Overview
) is an ingredient often used in weight loss supplements (see Weight Loss Pills)
. In order to use hydroxycitric acid safely, you should talk with your healthcare provider prior to taking it if you have:
- Liver disease, such as liver failure, cirrhosis, or hepatitis
- Kidney disease, including kidney failure (renal failure)
- Any other chronic disease or health problem.
Also, let your healthcare provider know if you are:
- Pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant
You should also be sure to tell your healthcare provider about all of the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Specific Hydroxycitric Acid Warnings and Precautions
Warnings and precautions to be aware of concerning hydroxycitric acid safety include the following:
- Supplements (including hydroxycitric acid) are not regulated as closely as drugs. In fact, supplements can be sold in the United States without ever having been shown to be safe or effective.
- Hydroxycitric acid may affect blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, check with your healthcare provider before taking it. You may need to monitor your blood sugar more often, and your healthcare provider may need to adjust the dose of your diabetes medications.
- Drugs and supplements are often cleared from the body through the liver and kidneys. Therefore, if you have liver or kidney disease, your body may not handle hydroxycitric acid as well as it should.
- Hydroxycitric acid supplements may interact with medications (see Drug Interactions With Hydroxycitric Acid).
- It is not known if hydroxycitric acid is safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women (see HCA and Pregnancy and HCA and Breastfeeding).
- If you decide to use supplements, what you see on the label may not reflect what is in the bottle. For example, some herbal supplements have been found to be contaminated with heavy metals or prescription drugs, and some have been found to have much more or much less of the featured ingredient than their label states. Therefore, make sure the manufacturer of your hydroxycitric acid is trusted and reputable. It is a good sign if a manufacturer abides by the rules of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). It is also a good sign if a product has the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) seal, which means that the product has been independently tested and shown to contain the correct ingredients in the amounts listed on the label. Your pharmacist is a good resource for information about which manufacturers are most reputable.