Alternatives to Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation: An Overview
There are several alternatives for preventing unwanted pregnancies. Although none are as effective as sterilization, they all protect against pregnancy.
The success of each method varies. Barrier methods are 80-90% effective, and hormonal contraceptives and IUDs are 99% effective if used correctly.
Your male partner can also choose to undergo a vasectomy, which is a sterilization procedure performed on men. A vasectomy will make it impossible for sperm to leave the male reproductive system. A vasectomy is a safe and permanent surgical procedure. Pregnancy rates after vasectomy are less than 1 in 100.
Remember that sterilization does not protect you against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). If you are at risk for an STD, you still need to protect yourself with a condom.
If there is any chance that you might want more children in the future, or if you have questions about any of these alternatives, you should discuss them with your doctor and decide which choice, if any, is appropriate for you.