Anesthesia is used to eliminate the pain felt during a procedure. For this procedure, the two most common types are local or general anesthesia.
With local anesthesia, your doctor can inject the surgical area with numbing medication prior to the surgery. Sometimes, your whole foot can be numbed with local anesthesia. This is called an "ankle block." If you receive a local anesthesia, you will also receive additional medication through your IV to relax you and make you feel sleepy. When the anesthesia is injected, you may feel a burning sensation that lasts for a short period of time. Although the local anesthesia will take away all sensation of pain, you might still feel some pressure and movement during the procedure.
The second option is general anesthesia. General anesthesia refers to medications that are given through your IV, which put you into a sound sleep so that you are not aware of any pain, pressure or movement during the procedure.
In order to do this, you will first be asked to breathe through an oxygen mask. Then you will be given medication through your IV, which will cause you to feel pleasantly relaxed and slowly drift off to sleep.
After you are sound asleep, a breathing tube will then be placed into your windpipe to assist with your breathing throughout the operation. Your anesthesiologist and anesthesia care team will give you other medications as required during your procedure through your IV.
You will talk to the anesthesiologist prior to your surgery and any questions or concerns regarding the type or effects of anesthesia can be discussed at that time.