Women Home > Infertility Statistics
According to statistics, 6.1 million Americans are affected by infertility. In 2002, 37 percent of fresh, nondonor procedures in women younger than age 35 resulted in live births. Also in 2002, more than 45,000 babies were born in the United States with the help of assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART does carry a higher risk of problems and increases the likelihood of multiple births.
Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant, despite trying for one year in women under age 35, or after six months in women age 35 and older. A broader view of infertility includes not being able to carry a pregnancy to term and have a baby.
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility affects about 6.1 million Americans, or 10 percent of the reproductive-age population.
Here are some important facts to keep in mind regarding infertility:
- Number of women ages 15 to 44 with impaired ability to have children: 6.1 million
- Number of women who've ever used infertility services: 9.2 million
- Number of married couples that are infertile: 2.1 million
- Number of women using infertility services: 9.3 million.
In 2002, 37 percent of fresh, nondonor procedures started among women younger than age 35 resulted in live births. This percentage decreased to 31 percent among women aged 35 to 37 years, 21 percent among women aged 38 to 40, 11 percent among women aged 41 to 42, and 4 percent among women older than age 42.
More than 45,000 babies were born in the United States with the help of assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures carried out in 2002. This compares to 40,687 babies born as a result of ART in 2001. There were also more ART procedures reported in 2002 compared to 2001 -- 115, 392 in 2002 compared to 107,587 in 2001.
ART includes infertility treatment procedures in which both egg and sperm are handled in a laboratory. The majority of procedures involve in vitro fertilization. Approximately 28.3 percent of ART procedures resulted in the birth of a baby for women who used their own freshly fertilized eggs. This is a slight increase in the success rate compared to the previous year (27 percent).
Approximately 35 percent of ART deliveries among women who used their own freshly fertilized eggs were multiple births (twins or more), compared with 3 percent in the general U.S. population during the same time period. This is because multiple embryos are often transferred to increase the likelihood of a live birth. Multiple births are associated with greater risks for both mothers and babies, such as:
- Cesarean section
- Low birth weight
- Premature birth
- Infant disability or death.