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Although there is no cure for PCOS, the condition can be managed. Treatment is typically based on the symptoms that a woman may be experiencing; whether she wants to conceive or not is also taken into consideration. Common forms of PCOS treatment include birth control pills, fertility medications, or surgery.
Because there is no cure for PCOS, it needs to be managed to prevent problems. PCOS treatment is based on the symptoms each woman is having and whether she wants to conceive or needs contraception.
Some treatment options for PCOS include:
- Birth control pills
- Diabetes medications
- Fertility medications
- Drugs for increased hair growth or extra male hormones
- Lifestyle changes.
Birth Control Pills
For women who don't want to become pregnant, birth control pills can regulate menstrual cycles, reduce male hormone levels, and help clear up acne. However, the birth control pill does not cure PCOS. The menstrual cycle will become abnormal again if the pill is stopped.
Women may also think about taking a pill that only has progesterone, like Provera®, to regulate the menstrual cycle and prevent endometrial problems. However, progesterone alone does not help reduce acne and hair growth.
Metformin, also called glucophage, is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes -- but it can also help with PCOS symptoms. Metformin affects the way insulin regulates glucose (blood sugar) and decreases the production of testosterone. Using metformin for PCOS treatment will slow down abnormal hair growth, and ovulation may return after a few months of use. This medication will not cause a person to become diabetic.