Potential Risks

No surgical procedure is ever completely free of risks. However, myomectomy has been performed for many years with successful results and limited complications. Possible problems that can occur include, but are not limited to:
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Nerve injury
  • Reactions to medication or anesthesia
  • Other rare and unlikely events.

(To learn more about the risks of this procedure, click Myomectomy Complications.)

Alternatives to a Myomectomy

Several alternatives exist for the treatment of fibroids. However, these alternatives to a myomectomy are not appropriate for every situation, and your doctor may have tried some or all of these methods already. Possible alternatives include:
  • Observation
  • Medication
  • Other surgical options.

(Click Alternatives to a Myomectomy for a detailed look at the alternatives.)


Having uterine fibroids can be serious. An abdominal myomectomy is a procedure that is performed for women who have uterine fibroids and who want to be able to have children or reduce fibroid symptoms. Myomectomy is a major surgery, with risks similar to a hysterectomy. Before deciding to have a myomectomy, women should be sure that they understand the procedure, including its risks, benefits, and alternatives. Based on what you want and expect, you and your doctor can make a shared decision about your healthcare.
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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