Ovcon and Pregnancy

You should not intentionally use Ovcon during pregnancy, as it may cause serious problems (such as birth defects or miscarriages). Due to these risks, the FDA has classified Ovcon as a pregnancy Category X medication. If you are taking Ovcon and pregnancy occurs, you should immediately stop taking the contraceptive.

An Overview of Ovcon and Pregnancy

Ovcon® (norethindrone/ethinyl estradiol) is a prescription oral contraceptive (one of the many available versions of "the pill"). It is available in two different strengths, Ovcon 35 and Ovcon 50. Just as with any birth control pill, it is not a good idea to intentionally take Ovcon during pregnancy. Although it is unlikely for a woman to become pregnant if she takes Ovcon correctly, the risk of pregnancy increases significantly if Ovcon is not taken correctly.
(Balziva™, Briellyn™, Philith™, and Zenchent™ birth control pills are equivalent to Ovcon 35, but not Ovcon 50. The information in this article also applies to Balziva, Briellyn, and Zenchent.)

Ovcon and Pregnancy Category X

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) uses a pregnancy category system to classify the possible risks to a fetus when a specific medicine is taken during pregnancy. Pregnancy Category X is given to medications that should not be used during pregnancy, usually due to serious problems that could occur (such as birth defects or miscarriages). A pregnancy Category X rating is the strongest indication that a medication should not be taken during pregnancy.
If you miss your period while taking Ovcon, you may want to make sure you are not pregnant (an over-the-counter pregnancy test should be sufficient), especially if you have missed any of the pills. If you miss two periods in a row, you should definitely make sure you are not pregnant. Keep in mind that if you take Ovcon correctly (without missing any pills), the risk of pregnancy is quite low.
Although you may have heard that taking birth control pills during early pregnancy is very dangerous, the truth is that doing so probably won't cause any serious problems (even though Ovcon is a pregnancy Category X medication). Many studies have shown that there is no increased risk of birth defects when birth control pills are accidentally taken during early pregnancy. However, Ovcon should never be taken intentionally during pregnancy, as there are no benefits to taking it during pregnancy. It should not be used in an attempt to prevent (or cause) a miscarriage, as it is not effective for such uses.

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Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD
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