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Ovcon Warnings and Precautions

Specific Precautions and Warnings for Ovcon

Some of the warnings and precautions to be aware of prior to using Ovcon include the following:
  • Ovcon 50 (but not Ovcon 35) contains more estrogen than most other birth control pills that are currently available. This may increase the risk of dangerous side effects (such as blood clots and strokes), because estrogen is responsible for these problems. You should only take Ovcon 50 if your healthcare provider thinks that it is the best option for your situation. For instance, high-estrogen birth control pills may be useful for women who experience very heavy menstrual bleeding or heavy bleeding between periods while on regular birth control pills.
  • Combined oral contraceptives (including Ovcon) can cause life-threatening conditions, such as heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots. This risk is minimal for healthy, young, nonsmoking women. Make sure to tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had a blood clot, stroke, heart attack, or chest pain. Smoking cigarettes greatly increases the risk of these serious Ovcon side effects. This risk is particularly high for smokers over the age of 35.
  • Ovcon is very effective at preventing pregnancy when taken correctly. However, it becomes much less effective if taken incorrectly. Most cases of accidental pregnancy while taking "the pill" (including Ovcon) occur when the pill is not taken correctly. Make sure you understand exactly how to take Ovcon (including how and when to start it and what to do if you miss any pills).
  • Ovcon can interact with a number of different medications, possibly increasing the risk of unintentional pregnancy (see Ovcon Drug Interactions for more information).
  • Like any birth control pill, Ovcon does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV or AIDS. It is often wise to use condoms in addition to Ovcon, in order to prevent the transmission of STDs.
  • Combined oral contraceptives (including Ovcon) may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer or cervical cancer, although this is an unresolved issue. However, combined oral contraceptives seem to help protect women against ovarian and uterine cancer.
  • Oral contraceptives increase the risk of benign (non-cancerous) liver tumors. Very rarely, these tumors can rupture and cause serious problems.
  • Hormonal contraceptives (such as Ovcon) can make gallbladder disease worse. If you have had a problem with your gallbladder, Ovcon may not be the best contraceptive method for you.
  • Ovcon may increase blood sugar levels, particularly in women with diabetes. Your healthcare provider may need to monitor you more closely. Let your healthcare provider know if you have any sudden vision changes, as this may be a sign of a blood clot in the eyes (a possible side effect of Ovcon and other hormonal contraceptives).
  • Hormonal contraceptives (including Ovcon) can increase your blood pressure. This can be a problem if you already have high blood pressure.
  • Ovcon can change your menstrual bleeding patterns. Some women have breakthrough bleeding (bleeding between periods), while others may not have a period at all. It is normal to have shorter and lighter periods while using Ovcon. If you notice any unusual changes in your bleeding patterns, let your healthcare provider know. If you miss a period, you should make sure you are not pregnant.
  • Ovcon can affect your cholesterol. Your healthcare provider may need to check your cholesterol levels after you start Ovcon, especially if you already have high cholesterol.
  • Sometimes, hormonal contraceptives can make depression worse. Let your healthcare provider know if you develop new or worsening depression symptoms.
  • Occasionally, Ovcon (as well as any other hormonal contraceptive) can cause eye changes that make it more difficult to wear contact lenses.
  • Ovcon is considered a pregnancy Category X medication. This means that it should not be used during pregnancy (see Ovcon and Pregnancy).
  • Contraceptive hormones (such as the ones in Ovcon) pass through breast milk. Therefore, if you are breastfeeding or plan to start breastfeeding, discuss this with your healthcare provider prior to taking the contraceptive (see Ovcon and Breastfeeding). Combined hormonal contraceptives (such as Ovcon) are not usually recommended for women who are breastfeeding.
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD
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