X-rays, sound waves (ultrasound), or a computed tomography (CT) scan will allow your doctor to view your bladder or kidneys. These pictures can show stones, blockages, or swelling.
During a cystoscopy
, the urethra and bladder can be seen from the inside with a cystoscope, which is a thin tube that has lenses like a microscope. The doctor will insert the tube into the urinary tract through the urethra.
Once it is determined that your symptoms have been caused by a urinary tract infection
, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic, which can kill the bacteria that are causing the urinary tract infection.
For a simple urinary tract infection, treatment will entail 3 days of antibiotics. For more serious urinary tract infections, treatment will entail 7 days or more of antibiotics. Patients should be sure to tell their doctors if they are allergic to any medications.
If a urinary tract infection is not treated, it can affect other parts of the body. Patients who are pregnant and have signs of a urinary tract infection should see their doctor right away. A urinary tract infection can cause problems with your pregnancy, such as early delivery or high blood pressure