Urinary Tract Infection Treatment

How Long Will Treatment Last?

In most cases, a urinary tract infection can be cured after one or two days of treatment if the infection is not complicated by an obstruction or other disorder. However, many doctors ask their patients to take antibiotics for one or two weeks to ensure that the infection has been cured. Single-dose urinary tract infection treatment is not recommended for people who have:
  • Delayed seeking treatment
  • Signs of a kidney infection
  • Diabetes
  • Structural abnormalities
  • Prostate infections (in men).
People whose urinary tract infections are caused by mycoplasma or chlamydia may also require longer treatment. After treatment is finished, a follow-up urinalysis will be able to confirm that the urinary tract is infection-free. It is important for people to take the full course of antibiotics because UTI symptoms may disappear before the infection is fully cleared.

How Severe Infections Affect Urinary Tract Infection Treatment

People who are severely ill with kidney infections may need to be hospitalized until they can take fluids and antibiotics on their own. Kidney infections generally require several weeks of antibiotic treatment.

Pain-Relief Methods

Various drugs are available to relieve the pain of a urinary tract infection. Other ways to reduce pain include:
  • Using a heating pad
  • Drinking plenty of water.
While treating the urinary tract infection, people should avoid coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods. It is important to note that smoking is the major known cause of bladder cancer. Therefore, one of the best things a smoker can do for his or her bladder is to quit smoking.
Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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